Glossary of Terms
The application, or program, used to view HTML documents. Examples
include Microsoft Internet Explorer, Netscape Communicator, Mozilla,
FireFox, and Opera.
The act of retrieving a file from the Internet and transferring it to
your local computer.
A plug-in, or extension, for browsers that allows users to view
animations and interactive components. In order to view Flash
animations, users must download and install the free Flash Player from
A method of
transferring files via the Internet. Applications that use this
method are called FTP clients.
format that only uses 256 colors. It is primarily used to display
images of low complexity.
The act of selecting a section of text. This action can be
accomplished by following these steps: 1) Click to one side of the
area that shall be highlighted; 2) Push and hold the left mouse button
down without releasing; 3) Move the pointer/cursor over the
area to select it. Typically at this point, the area that you are
selecting will be highlighted by a different color, usually black,
purple, or blue.
The starting page of a Web site, sometimes called the splash page
or main page.
The area or text on a Web page that, once clicked, takes a person to a
different Web page or location on the same Web page. Usually in blue
underlined text (but also present as images).
Hypertext Markup Language is the authoring language used to create
documents on the Web.
The collection of networks, computers, protocols, and systems that can
all intercommunicate in some fashion. The Internet contains, but is
not limited to, the World Wide Web, the Usenet, FTP sites, and most
email systems, all accessible from computer systems located all around
browser made by Microsoft.
that will, once dialed or similarly contacted by modem (ISDN, DSL,
cable modem, etc.) provide a user with a connection to the Internet.
A unique address your computer has while it is connected to the
A programming language that allows developers to create applications
that run in many computer systems (not only on Windows), usually
within the browser. Some complex demonstrations may be achieved by
making use of a Java applet. Your computer most likely has
Java already installed. If not, you can download it from
scripting language developed by Netscape that can interact with HTML
source code, enabling Web authors to spice up their sites with dynamic
format is used for photographs or images that are complex. This format
can display millions of colors.
the act of temporarily hiding a window. This does not mean
closing the window; the action simply temporarily moves the window to
the task bar. To accomplish this action, follow these steps: 1) Find
the three buttons in the topmost right corner of the open window; 2)
Place the cursor over the image leftmost of the three, a box with a
thick line at the bottom; 3) Click.
the act of bringing a window back up onto the computer screen. This
does not mean reopening the window; the action simply moves the
window from the task bar back to the screen. To accomplish this action
follow these steps: 1) Find the task bar. Usually this is at the
bottom of the screen; however, sometimes it is on one of the other
screen edges. One last point: it is possible that the task bar is in
hidden mode; if so, to find it, simply place the cursor at the
absolute screen edge and it should appear; 2) Look on the task bar for
the document you wish to bring back.; 3) Place your cursor over that
document; 4) Click.
A suite of productivity applications that allow you to create
documents (Word), do complex calculations (Excel), create and use
databases (Access), create presentations (PowerPoint), and author HTML
files (FrontPage). Other office suites exist, such as Corel Office or
StarOffice, but Microsoft Office is the only one currently supported
by Computer Services on our campus. If you do not have Microsoft
Office on your computer, you might download viewers from the
Microsoft Web site at
Document Format (PDF):
A file format that lets users of different computer systems view a
document exactly like it was created. Other formats, such as HTML,
are rendered differently by different browsers and computers,
depending on factors such as screen resolution, color depth, font
size, etc. PDF files are rendered on the screen exactly the way they
were authored, independently of those factors. In order to view PDF
files, users must download and install the free Adobe Acrobat Viewer
A program that runs on the server, processing information and
returning HTML pages on the fly. Examples of server applications
include UTest (online testing) and GradeA (gradebook).
browser that students must use to take some tests. The Secure Browser
can be downloaded at
A single document that is seen at one time in a Web browser.
One of the most common formats for streaming audio and video over the
Internet. To view or listen to these file streams, you will need to
have Windows Media Player on your computer. You can download it free
reached the end of the manual. If you have questions, please
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